However, in 1580, Bernard Palissy proposed the theory of the hydrologic cycle. , In the Internet era, the proliferation of communications technology and social-media platforms such as YouTube, Facebook and Twitter have given individuals, famous or otherwise, a platform to spread pseudo-scientific ideas and build stronger followings.
Around 330 BC, Aristotle maintained on the basis of physical theory and observational evidence that the Earth was spherical, and reported an estimate of its circumference. , Hecataeus of Miletus believed that the Earth was flat and surrounded by water. , Early medieval Christian writers in the early Middle Ages felt little urge to assume flatness of the Earth, though they had fuzzy impressions of the writings of Ptolemy and Aristotle, relying more on Pliny. St. Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274), the most widely taught theologian of the Middle Ages, believed in a spherical Earth; and he even took for granted his readers also knew the Earth is round. You will have your own view on the plausibility of that, but regardless, consider this: we knew the Earth was round long before we mastered space travel. It is an oblate spheroid, being slightly flattened at the poles. How is that possible? The only surviving record of the incident is contained in Zachary's reply, dated 748, where he wrote:. , Christian Topography (547) by the Alexandrian monk Cosmas Indicopleustes, who had traveled as far as Sri Lanka and the source of the Blue Nile, is now widely considered the most valuable geographical document of the early medieval age, although it received relatively little attention from contemporaries. This idea that the earth was suspended on nothing was not even thought of by scientist for thousands of years after Job. The fact that Earth is round has been common knowledge, at least among the educated and powerful, ever since.  In his other work Etymologies, there are also affirmations that the sphere of the sky has Earth in its center and the sky being equally distant on all sides. Over 2,000 years ago, the Greek philosopher Aristotle had it all figured out. The understanding that it was through the evaporation process as described in the Book of Job was not discovered and understood until the 17th century. See French translation of De Natura Rerum. Does it hide a darker core?  The Norse creation account preserved in Gylfaginning (VIII) states that during the creation of the Earth, an impassable sea was placed around it:, And Jafnhárr said: "Of the blood, which ran and welled forth freely out of his wounds, they made the sea, when they had formed and made firm the Earth together, and laid the sea in a ring round. But they do not remark that, although it be supposed or scientifically demonstrated that the world is of a round and spherical form, yet it does not follow that the other side of the Earth is bare of water; nor even, though it be bare, does it immediately follow that it is peopled. He was later appointed bishop of Salzburg and was canonised in the 13th century. Needham, Joseph; Wang, Ling. This was just before the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik; he responded: "Would sailing round the Isle of Wight prove that it were spherical? He spent years examining the studies of flat- and round-Earth theories and proposed evidence of a conspiracy against flat Earth: "The idea of a spinning globe is only a conspiracy of error that Moses, Columbus, and FDR all fought..." His article was published in the magazine Science Digest in 1980.  As late as 1595, an early Jesuit missionary to China, Matteo Ricci, recorded that the Ming-dynasty Chinese say: "The Earth is flat and square, and the sky is a round canopy; they did not succeed in conceiving the possibility of the antipodes. Moon Landings?
" Arnobius, another eastern Christian writing sometime around 305 CE, described the round Earth: "In the first place, indeed, the world itself is neither right nor left.
In 1643 a mathematician named Evangelista Torricelli performed an experiment to learn if air has weight. People believed many things but they did not come close to what we know to be true today, and what Job declared a few thousand years ago. Hang two empty balloons on each side and balance it out. ", The 13th-century scholar Ibn Taymiyyah stated that the Earth is spherical and not flat. They also thought that heaven revolves in accordance with the motion of the heavenly bodies. A Fraud! Some authorities have suggested that the sphericity of the Earth was among the aspects of Vergilius's teachings that Boniface and Zachary considered objectionable. 3000 B.C the book of Job exclaims that the Earth is hung upon nothing. ", The late Norse Konungs skuggsjá, on the other hand, explains Earth's shape as a sphere:. And we have not received anything indicates a denial, not even a single word. Many people have tried to reason with him, including the astrophysicist and broadcaster Neil deGrasse Tyson. The Trade Winds were discovered during the time of Christopher Columbus 1451-1506. Scientist first discovered these in the 1970′s. The spherical Earth theory is contemptuously dismissed as "pagan". The sky over the northern hemisphere is not the same as the sky over the southern hemisphere.  To this 12th-century commentary, the Tafsir al-Kabir (al-Razi) by Fakhr al-Din al-Razi states: "If it is said: Do the words 'And the Earth We spread out' indicate that it is flat? I have personally found the knowledge of this process very comforting when hiking in back country. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. "In virtually all the examples quoted ... from epics and from non-'historical' romances (that is, works of a less learned character) the actual form of words used suggests strongly a circle rather than a sphere", though he notes that even in these works the language is ambiguous.[verify]. More recently, people have gone all the way round the Earth. : "Heavenly clockwork: the great astronomical clocks of medieval China", Antiquarian Horological Society, 2nd. Jet Stream was discovered during World War 2.
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