Combining these ideas brought Neo-Confucianism, the philosophy used by the Song Dynasty as well as the following dynasties. Neo-Confucianism could have been an attempt to create a more rationalist and secular form of Confucianism by rejecting superstitious and mystical elements of Taoism and Buddhism that had influenced Confucianism during and after the Han Dynasty.
After the Xining era (1070), Wang Yangming (1472–1529) is commonly regarded as the most important Neo-Confucian thinker.
 The Song Dynasty philosopher Zhou Dunyi (1017–1073) is seen as the first true "pioneer" of neo-Confucianism, using Daoist metaphysics as a framework for his ethical philosophy. , The rationalism of neo-Confucianism is in contrast to the mysticism of the previously dominant Chan Buddhism. Although most of the books were just slightly modified versions of the original classics, some sections of them had ideas from both Buddhism and Daoism as well.
 Neo-Confucianism was both a revival of classical Confucianism updated to align with the social values of the Song dynasty and a reaction to the challenges of Buddhist and Daoist philosophy and religion which emerged during the Zhou and Han dynasties.
Neo-Confucianism included parts of Daoism and Buddhism as well as traditional Confucian ideas.
The significance of this third branch, according to Mou, was that they represented the direct lineage of the pioneers of neo-Confucianism, Zhou Dunyi, Zhang Zai and Cheng Hao. Human nature is originally good, the neo-Confucians argued (following Mencius), but not pure unless action is taken to purify it. This school also criticized neo-Confucianism for being overly concerned with empty philosophical speculation that was unconnected with reality. Zhu Xi's formulation of the neo-Confucian world view is as follows. The main point of these examinations was to remove the military-based leaders from government and to bring in the intellectuals. For instance, Wang Yangming's theories, which were popular in the Chinese Ming Dynasty, were considered heresy and severely condemned by Korean neo-Confucianists.
The dragon backbone pump led to an increase in _______________.  Neo-Confucianism was introduced to Korea by An Hyang during the Goryeo dynasty. (Li Bo/Li Quingzhao). In Neo-Confucianism, qi is the force that is a part of everything. These four books took over the civil service examination and quickly replaced the old classics. Qi held everything together and flowed through everything.
Neo-Confucianism was a heterogeneous philosophical tradition, and is generally categorized into two different schools. Moreover, this third Hu-Liu school and the second Lu–Wang school, combined, form the true mainstream of neo-Confucianism instead of the Cheng-Zhu school. . What was the primary result of Zheng He's voyages? One of the most important exponents of neo-Confucianism was Zhu Xi (1130–1200), his teachings were so influential that they were integrated into civil-service examination from approximately 1314 until 1905.
: 'way') of Tian (Chinese: 天; pinyin: tiān; lit. and Jang Heung-Hyo (敬堂 張興孝, 1564–1633), and by a third generation (including Heo Mok, Yun Hyu, Yun Seon-do and Song Si-yeol) who brought the school into the 18th century . Prior to the emergence of the “Neo-Confucian” thinkers, the Confucian tradition already had a long and distinguished tradition of commentary on the teachings of the famous teachers from the legendary past into the historical world of the Warring States and later.The English labels “Confucianism” and “N…
Each of The Four Books focused on a different topic.
The idea of a civil service examination system had been around for a long time, but only in the Song Dynasty was it really enforced as the main way to enter a powerful position.
In 1070, emperor Lý Thánh Tông opened first Confucius university in Hanoi named Văn Miếu.
The classics used in these exams were later replaced by a better and more organized set of books called “The Four Books” by Zhu Xi which allowed more people to understand Confucianism, leading to a better Confucian society. The third book was the Analects. (woodblock prints/moveable type).  As a result, neo-Confucianism today is generally categorized into two different schools of thought. With roots in the late Tang dynasty, the Confucian revival flourished in the Northern and Southern Song periods and continued in the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties that followed.
This is the symbol for qi, or "the Way". The government used the civil service examination system to elect scholar-officials who were very smart intellectuals who knew Confucianism well as intelligence became more important than military prowess during the dynasty. The books were modified versions of the Confucian classics, with commentary, ideas from Buddhism, ideas from Daoism, and even ideas from other philosophers.  At the time that he introduced neo-Confucianism, the Goryeo Dynasty was in the last century of its existence and influenced by the Mongol Yuan dynasty. During the Tang dynasty, Confucianism was not very popular in China.
The examinations themselves were made up of Confucian classics, such as the Analects.
The biggest uses and ideas for Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty were the civil service examination system (the way new scholar-officials were chosen), the Four Books by Zhou Xi (a major philosopher in the Southern Song Dynasty), and the ideas of Li and Qi. The Four Books were a way to detail how a ruler should live and rule in a Neo-Confucian society.
Wang Yangming's school of thought (Ōyōmei-gaku in Japanese) also provided, in part, an ideological basis for some samurai who sought to pursue action based on intuition rather than scholasticism.
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