bahrain national flower
By the 5th century, Bahrain became a centre for Nestorian Christianity, with the village Samahij[47] as the seat of bishops. [31], During the classical era, Bahrain was referred to by the ancient Greeks as Tylos, the centre of pearl trading, when the Greek admiral Nearchus serving under Alexander the Great landed on Bahrain. On 1 September 2006, Bahrain changed its weekend from being Thursdays and Fridays to Fridays and Saturdays, in order to have a day of the weekend shared with the rest of the world. [311] Intermarriages between Bahrainis and expatriates are not uncommon—there are many Filipino-Bahrainis like Filipino child actress Mona Marbella Al-Alawi. It was constructed in $30 million US. [206][207] In its latest report the Amnesty International accused both, US and the UK governments, of turning a blind eye to horrific abuses of human rights by the ruling Bahraini regime. [269], Bahrain hopes to build a science culture within the kingdom and to encourage technological innovation, among other goals. About 92% of Bahrain is desert with periodic droughts and dust storms, the main natural hazards for Bahrainis. [30], From the sixth to third century BC, Bahrain was part of the Achaemenid Empire. In 2011, the country experienced protests inspired by the regional Arab Spring. It used to be a multinational airline owned by four countries namely Bahrain, Qatar, UAE and Oman.

[81], Following the Qatari–Bahraini War in 1868, British representatives signed another agreement with the Al Khalifas. In 410, according to the Oriental Syriac Church synodal records, a bishop named Batai was excommunicated from the church in Bahrain. [37] Herodotus also believed that the homeland of the Phoenicians was Bahrain. [281] Public surveys are rare in Bahrain, but a 2017 national survey found that 62 percent of Bahrainis were Shia and 38 percent were Sunni, which is consistent with most estimates. Eid ul Fitr is celebrated from 4th June to 6th June. [139] Twenty-five species of amphibians and reptiles were recorded as well as 21 species of butterflies and 307 species of flora. [107] A referendum on 14–15 February 2001 massively supported the National Action Charter. Bahrain has one main international airport, the Bahrain International Airport (BIA) which is located on the island of Muharraq, in the north-east. [4] Aluminium production is the second-most exported product, followed by finance and construction materials.

It completes its pollination cycle by insects.


[225] In 1960, Bahrain comprised four municipalities: Manama, Hidd, Al Muharraq, and Riffa. You have entered an incorrect email address! There are a few reasons for which it is the people’s national flower and they are; Firstly the colour of the flower, the Tribulus is available in yellow colour and the yellow colour is believed as the colour of friendship and the second reason which is related to the first one is that the flower is available in only one colour that is yellow, so for them,  it is the sign of equality and brotherhood. Malayalam, Tamil, Bangla and Hindi are spoken among significant Indian communities. [32], In the 3rd century, Ardashir I, the first ruler of the Sassanid dynasty, marched on Oman and Bahrain, where he defeated Sanatruq the ruler of Bahrain. [277][278] There are also Sunnis of Baloch origin. The first verse of Bahrain’s anthem translated to English is: “Our Bahrain, [252], Since 2005, Bahrain hosts an annual festival in March, titled Spring of Culture, which features internationally renowned musicians and artists performing in concerts. The medieval grammarian al-Jawahari commented on this saying that the more formally correct term Bahrī (lit. Bahrain’s entry into the soccer club came with people criticizing that the country is trying to whitewash its horrific human rights record and this is another way of buying influence in Europe.[346]. In 2016, Bahrain had 0.52 global hectares [242] of biocapacity per person within its territory, much less than the world average of 1.6 global hectares per person. Legend also states that it was the location of the Garden of Eden. [253] Manama was named the Arab Capital of Culture for 2012 and Capital of Arab Tourism for 2013 by the Arab League and Asian Tourism for 2014 with the Gulf Capital of Tourism for 2016 by The Gulf Cooperation Council. There were 3,164 km (1,966 mi) of roadways in 2002, of which 2,433 km (1,512 mi) were paved. Several foreign correspondents were expelled.

Some of the popular historical tourist attractions in the kingdom are the Al Khamis Mosque, which is one of the oldest mosques in the region, the Arad fort in Muharraq, Barbar temple, which is an ancient temple from the Dilmunite period of Bahrain, as well as the A'ali Burial Mounds and the Saar temple.


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