are lemurs haplorhines

In a wide range of testing conditions, the advanced cognitive control of eye movements is indistinguishable between humans and macaque monkeys (eg, Munoz and Everling, 2004; Camalier et al., 2007; Hanes and Schall, 1995; Hanes and Carpenter, 1999; Nelson et al., 2010). Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. What molecular primatology has achieved is the accumulation of a multitude of new data, which in combination with morphological characteristics can—to a certain extent—be of help in the evaluation of primate relationships (Shoshani et al., 1996). Immunobiological evaluation is presently inexact and requires a combination of several different methodologies and approaches to achieve reliable information. What qualifies as “larger” varies across species. Several authorities have even placed one or more of the European microchoerids into the family Tarsiidae. Some molecular findings however, disagree with the earlier established phylogenetic trees as well as with each other (Martin, 1990).

Nevertheless, omomyoids, tarsiers and anthropoids all share a number of features that lead almost all researchers to group them together in the semiorder Haplorhini. Some of these have been successful in specific instances, such as with FOXP2, but this almost always requires extraordinarily unique circumstances or extraordinarily strong selection. Overall, omomyoid postcranial bones are more similar to those of cheirogaleids or more quadrupedal galagos (Dagosto et al., 1999; Anemone and Covert, 2000). Eight lineages span roughly 80 million years.

Within the order Primates, the taxon Platyrrhini, the New World monkeys, which inhabit South and Central America, diverged from the Old World monkeys (Catarrhini) when South America was detached by continental drift and the ancestors of the modern Platyrrhini were finally isolated from the Old World lineage during the Eocene era, that is, approximately 40-80 million years ago [6]. (slow lorises) are listed in CITES Appendix I by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, The Taxonomy of Primates in the Laboratory Context, The Evolution of The Human Brain: Apes and Other Ancestors, Evolution of Nervous Systems (Second Edition), Considering the Use of Callithrix jacchus, C. Marc Luetjens, ... Joachim Wistuba, in, The Nonhuman Primate in Nonclinical Drug Development and Safety Assessment, Jean E. Turnquist, Nancy Minugh-Purvis, in, Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research (Second Edition), Volume 1, Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Volume 8, Prosimian primates are composed of lemurs, lorises, pottos, and galagos.


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